Kyrgyzstan is a fabulous, fascinating and alluring with its natural beauty Central Asian country. Its tourist potential is huge! This is a fairly developed republic, which has a rich history, an unusual culture and many interesting traditions. Located at the crossroads of the Great Silk Road, Kyrgyzstan still keeps unique ancient monuments, which, organically combined with modern buildings, are able to give a lot of unforgettable impressions to their guests. Excursion tours in Kyrgyzstan are very popular among curious tourists from near and far abroad.
Kyrgyzstan is a real “mountain paradise”, nestled between the deserts of Uzbekistan, the steppes of Kazakhstan, the harsh highlands of Tajikistan and the sparsely populated, arid plains of Western China (Xinjiang). Two of the greatest mountain systems of the Earth – Tien Shan and Pamir – stretch across the entire territory of Kyrgyzstan – with the highest world-class peaks – Victory Peak (7439 m), Lenin Peak (7134 m) and the most beautiful pyramidal Khan-Tengri peak (6995 m). Climbers, climbers, skiers, snowboarders, mountain hikers (trekking, hiking) and other extreme sportsmen go to the most beautiful mountainous areas of Kyrgyzstan both in winter and in summer.
The Burana Tower, located 80 kilometers from Bishkek, is one of the most famous archaeological sites of Kyrgyzstan. Here are important artifacts telling the story of Kyrgyzstan and its role on the Great Silk Road.
The Burana Tower is the remains of the city of Balasagun, which was the capital of the Karakhanid Empire in the 9th century. Around the base of the tower, evidence of the brick foundations of the buildings was found; archaeologists believe that the ancient city extended far beyond the tower, containing shops, bazaars, bathhouses and residential buildings.
Also near the tower you can see a small collection of stone idols – balbals. Small stone figures were created in order to honor the memory of the deceased, sometimes they were placed at the burial site. These are stone samples from the 6th century AD. e. supplemented by petroglyphs of the II century BC, which can be seen at the Burana tower.
This is a carefully restored stone building, which was once an inn on the Silk Road. The date of its appearance is not precisely established, but archaeological facts suggest that this place was already occupied in the 10th century. At 15 km above the foot of the Tien Shan is a beautiful valley, perched on the side of a mountain. There is evidence that this was both a place of rest and worship, and it was used to protect caravans going to China and back from the raging weather and bandits even before the times of Tamerlane and Genghis Khan.
Legend has it that the caravanserai was built by father and son. When they were finishing work, and it was necessary to finish building only the top of the dome … it remained only to lay a few stones, as from behind the mountains a caravan seemed. The son rushed to them to greet the travelers, but his father said: “Come on, let’s finish the work first,” but the young man did not obey him … he went to greet the caravan. And among the travelers there was a beautiful young girl with whom he fell in love … and when the caravan left, he left with him … and the father no longer saw his son, and the dome remained unfinished.
Issyk-Kul – (in Kyrgyz “hot lake”) is the second largest (after the Caspian Sea) salt lake in the world, located at an altitude of 1609 m. The lake is 180 km long and 70 km wide, the depth in the deepest place reaches 668 meters (average depth 300 meters). The lake never freezes (hence its name), despite the fact that it is surrounded by snow-capped mountain peaks.
Issyk-Kul Lake is a unique place in its own way, which is famous for its warm sandy beaches, thermal mineral springs, alpine meadows, park-type coniferous forests. All this splendor is located next to the fascinating mountain peaks and glaciers, among which are many of the highest mountain verticals.
The Kyrgyz name Issyk-Kul Lake not only as „Pearl of Tien Shan“. And in 2004, the government even declared the lake a national treasure.
Due to its size, Issyk-Kul sometimes looks like a continental sea with a fairly large number of beaches. Most of the beach areas are located on the north coast and are a popular tourist destination. A large number of hotels, resorts, guest houses and guest houses are located around the lake. The tourist season usually lasts from June to September, but the peak season falls on the period from July 25 to August 25. At this time, it is difficult to find a place in a hotel, and prices reach their limit.
For people with health problems, offers a wide range of effective spa treatment. There is an excellent resort area with mud and thermomineral treatment. 200 m. From the lake. Issyk-Kul and 8 km. from the southern route is the Dead Salt Lake – analogue of the Israeli Dead Sea.
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